Puppetry is a form of theatre or performance that involves the manipulation of inanimate objects, often resembling some kind of human or animal figure, animated or manipulated by humans called puppeteers. Such performances are also known as puppet shows. A script for a puppet show is called a puppet show. Puppeteers use the movements of their hands and arms to control devices such as sticks and strings to move the puppet’s body, head, limbs, and sometimes the mouth and eyes. A puppeteer may speak in the voice of a puppet character or perform to a pre-recorded soundtrack.

Marionettes come in many variations and are made of different materials depending on their shape and purpose. The structure can be very complex or very simple. The simplest puppets are finger puppets, which are small puppets that fit on one finger, and sock puppets, which are formed from socks and manipulated by inserting a hand into the sock, opening and closing the hand to simulate human movement. The “mouth” of the doll. A hand puppet or hand puppet is controlled by a hand that occupies the interior of the puppet and moves the puppet. Punch and Judy dolls are famous examples. Other hand puppets or hand puppets are larger and require two puppeteers for each puppet. Japanese Bunraku puppets are an example. The puppet is suspended and controlled by a set of strings. Other times, the central rod is attached to a control rod that the puppeteer holds from above. A stick puppet is a puppet with a head on a central stick. Above the bars is a body his form with attached arms that are controlled by separate bars.